Individualized Supports to achieve desired outcomes shall be afforded to people with intellectual and other developmental disabilities. This constitutes an array of supports, services and resources that are:
- based on the distinctive interests, goals and needs of the person,
- afford the person as much control over their supports as possible, and
- are adaptable as the person’s life changes.
Person-Centered-Planning is the process by which the individual and the Circle of Support determine what supports, services and resources are necessary to enable the individual to lead a fulfilling and self-directed life. This includes belonging through building relationships, sharing places through community involvement, contributing through work and cultural connections, increased choice and control through self-determination and being respected through making a difference (John O’Brien, 1989).
It is The Arc New York’s position that:
- Individuals with intellectual and other developmental disabilities, their families, and advocates must be involved in decisions about who will provide their supports and what supports will be provided.
- All individuals must have a Circle of Support (unless the person has made it known that he/she doesn’t want one) that helps in identifying, coordinating, and utilizing resources and opportunities in their communities.
- All individuals must have access to assistive technology, which supports their self-sufficiency and engagement in activities that are meaningful to them.
- Individualized supports must not be denied for any reason, including but not limited to, severity or type of developmental disability, challenging behaviors, motor or sensory involvement, or personal finances.