A family-based organization for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities

Individualized Supports

Individualized Supports to achieve desired outcomes shall be afforded to people with intellectual and other developmental disabilities. This constitutes an array of supports, services and resources that are:

  • person-centered,
  • based on the distinctive interests, goals and needs of the person,
  • afford the person as much control over their supports as possible, and
  • are adaptable as the person’s life changes.

Person-Centered-Planning is the process by which the individual and the Circle of Support determine what supports, services and resources are necessary to enable the individual to lead a fulfilling and self-directed life. This includes belonging through building relationships, sharing places through community involvement, contributing through work and cultural connections, increased choice and control through self-determination and being respected through making a difference (John O’Brien, 1989). 

It is The Arc New York’s position that:

  • Individuals with intellectual and other developmental disabilities, their families, and advocates must be involved in decisions about who will provide their supports and what supports will be provided.
  • All individuals must have a Circle of Support (unless the person has made it known that he/she doesn’t want one) that helps in identifying, coordinating, and utilizing resources and opportunities in their communities.
  • All individuals must have access to assistive technology, which supports their self-sufficiency and engagement in activities that are meaningful to them.
  • Individualized supports must not be denied for any reason, including but not limited to, severity or type of developmental disability, challenging behaviors, motor or sensory involvement, or personal finances.
Adopted October 19, 2012 at NYSARC, Inc.  Delegate Assembly
Adopted with Amendments October 17, 2014 at NYSARC, Inc. Delegate Assembly